Do Colleges Require the COVID-19 Vaccine?

By: OnlineU Staff | Updated: 1/21/2022

Now that coronavirus vaccines are widely available in the United States, schools across the country have adopted a wide range of vaccine policies based on CDC and public health guidance, state laws, religious beliefs, and other factors.

According to The Chronicle of Higher Education, more than 1,100 campuses require the COVID vaccine for either students, employees, or the entire campus community. The recent spike in COVID-19 cases has led many colleges to update their policies from the fall semester to require vaccination or booster shots in light of the Omicron variant.

We've identified 424 four-year colleges that don't currently require college students to provide proof of vaccination as a condition for enrollment. This number excludes states where a ban on vaccine mandates is in effect.

While none of these schools have mandated the vaccine, many strongly encourage students to get vaccinated and require a negative COVID-19 test to attend in-person classes or live on campus.

Schools that are requiring the vaccine may be offering regular COVID-19 testing alternatives for some students, and typically allow for medical or religious exemptions. Vaccine policies are frequently changing based on the legal status of different bans or mandates, including Biden's federal vaccine mandate for employees.

Has your school updated its vaccine policy to require vaccinations? Email taylor@optimal.com to notify us of a change to school requirements.

Find an Online Degree:
Find an Online Degree:

Colleges Not Requiring the COVID-19 Vaccine By State

Note: Schools in areas where state laws ban vaccine mandates were not independently verified.

Alabama

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Alaska

  • Alaska Pacific University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • University of Alaska System - Required for residential students
    • Anchorage
    • Fairbanks
    • Southeast

Arizona

  • Grand Canyon University
  • Northern Arizona University
  • Arizona Christian University
  • University of Arizona
  • University of Advancing Technology

Arkansas

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

California

  • Academy of Art University
  • Alliant International University
  • American University of Health Sciences
  • Biola University
  • Humphreys University
  • Sofia University
  • Life Pacific University
  • NewSchool of Architecture and Design
  • Pacific Union College
  • Point Loma Nazarene University
  • Providence Christian College
  • San Diego Christian College
  • Simpson University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Southern California University of Health Sciences
  • The Master's University
  • United States University
    • Required for some in-person programs
  • Westmont College
  • William Jessup University
  • John Paul the Great Catholic University
  • Azusa Pacific University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • University of Silicon Valley
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Hope International University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • California Baptist University
  • Concordia University - Irvine
  • Vanguard University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine

Colorado

  • Colorado Technical University
  • Colorado Mesa University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Aspen University
  • Denver College of Nursing
  • Colorado Christian University
  • Rocky Mountain College of Art and Design

Connecticut

  • Fairfield University
  • Paier College

Delaware

  • Wilmington University

District of Columbia

  • Catholic University of America

Florida

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Georgia

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Hawaii

  • Hawai'i Pacific University
  • Chaminade University of Honolulu

Idaho

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Illinois

Statewide COVID-19 Vaccine Mandate for Public and Private Colleges

Indiana

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Iowa

  • Graceland University
  • William Penn University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Waldorf University
  • Iowa State University
  • Allen College
  • Briar Cliff University
  • Central College
  • Clarke University
  • Coe College
  • Cornell College
  • Dordt University
  • Drake University
  • Grand View University
  • Iowa Wesleyan University
  • Loras College
  • Luther College
  • Maharishi International University
  • Mercy College of Health Sciences
  • Morningside College
  • Mount Mercy University
  • Northwestern College (IA)
  • Palmer College of Chiropractic - Davenport
  • Saint Ambrose University
  • Simpson College
  • University of Dubuque
  • University of Iowa
  • University of Northern Iowa
  • Wartburg College
  • Buena Vista University
  • Upper Iowa University

Kansas

Statewide Ban on COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates at Public Schools

  • Baker University
  • Benedictine College
  • Bethany College (KS)
  • Bethel College (KS)
  • Cleveland University - Kansas City
  • Kansas Wesleyan University
  • Manhattan Christian College
  • McPherson College
  • MidAmerica Nazarene University
  • Newman University
  • Southwestern College (KS)
  • Sterling College (KS)
  • Tabor College
  • University of Saint Mary
  • Central Christian College of Kansas
  • Ottawa University (KS)
    • Requires regular testing in place of vaccine
  • Friends University
  • Kansas State University

Kentucky

  • Thomas More University
  • Sullivan University
  • Morehead State University
  • Eastern Kentucky University
  • Western Kentucky University
  • Alice Lloyd College
  • Asbury University
  • Clear Creek Baptist Bible College
  • Georgetown College
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Kentucky Christian University
  • Lindsey Wilson College
  • Murray State University
  • Northern Kentucky University
  • University of Pikeville
  • Spalding University
  • Union College (KY)
  • University of Kentucky
  • University of Louisville
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • University of the Cumberlands
  • Brescia University
  • Kentucky State University
  • Kentucky Wesleyan College
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Midway University
  • Campbellsville University

Louisiana

  • Louisiana College
  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center - New Orleans
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine

Maine

  • University of Maine
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine

Maryland

  • St Mary's College of Maryland
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine

Massachusetts

  • Nichols College
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Northpoint Bible College

Michigan

  • Spring Arbor University
  • Michigan Technological University
  • Northern Michigan University
  • Grace Christian University
  • Adrian College
  • Alma College
  • Andrews University
  • Aquinas College - MI
  • Calvin University
  • Compass College of Cinematic Arts
  • Ferris State University
  • Finlandia University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for residential students
  • Hope College
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Kettering University
  • Kuyper College
  • Lake Superior State University
  • Madonna University
  • Olivet College
  • Northwood University
  • Rochester University
  • Saginaw Valley State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Siena Heights University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Walsh College
  • Cleary University
  • Central Michigan University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Davenport University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • Cornerstone University
  • Western Michigan University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Kettering University

Minnesota

  • Minnesota State University at Mankato
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for residential students
  • Bemidji State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for residential students
  • Bethany Lutheran College
  • Crown College
  • Martin Luther College
  • Metropolitan State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • Minnesota State University - Moorhead
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • North Central University
  • University of Northwestern - St. Paul
  • Northwestern Health Sciences University
  • Saint Cloud State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Southwest Minnesota State University
  • Winona State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • Concordia University - Saint Paul
  • Bethel University (MN)

Mississippi

  • Mississippi State University
  • University of Mississippi
  • Alcorn State University
  • Blue Mountain College
  • Delta State University
  • Millsaps College
  • Mississippi College
  • Mississippi Valley State University
  • University of Southern Mississippi
  • William Carey University
  • Belhaven University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for some students
  • Jackson State University
  • Mississippi University for Women

Missouri

  • University of Missouri
  • Drury University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Avila University
  • Baptist Bible College and Graduate School
  • Central Christian College of the Bible
  • Central Methodist University
  • College of the Ozarks
  • Cox College
  • Evangel University
  • Fontbonne University
  • Hannibal-LaGrange University
  • Harris-Stowe State University
  • Kansas City Art Institute
  • Lincoln University - MO
  • Logan University
  • Maryville University
  • Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Missouri Baptist University
  • Missouri Southern State University
  • Missouri State University
  • Missouri Valley College
  • Missouri Western State University
  • Northwest Missouri State University
  • Ozark Christian College
  • Park University
  • Saint Louis Christian College
  • Southeast Missouri State University
  • Southwest Baptist University
  • Stevens Institute of Business & Arts
  • Truman State University
  • University of Missouri - Kansas City
  • Westminster College (MO)
  • William Woods University
  • Missouri University of Science and Technology
  • Stephens College
  • University of Central Missouri
  • Columbia College

Montana

Partial Statewide Ban on COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

  • Montana State University
    • Bozeman
    • Billings
  • Carroll College
  • Montana Technological University
  • Rocky Mountain College
  • The University of Montana
  • The University of Montana Western
  • University of Providence

Nebraska

  • Bellevue University
  • Chadron State College
  • Bryan College of Health Sciences
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Clarkson College
  • Hastings College
  • Midland University
  • Peru State College
  • Union College (NE)
  • University of Nebraska System
    • Kearney
    • Omaha
    • Lincoln
  • Wayne State College
  • York College
  • Concordia University - Nebraska

Nevada

  • University of Nevada
    • Las Vegas
    • Reno
  • Roseman University
  • Sierra Nevada College

New Hampshire

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

New Jersey

  • Bloomfield College
    • Required for residential students
  • Pillar College - Newark

New Mexico

  • University of the Southwest
  • New Mexico State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
  • Western New Mexico University
  • Eastern New Mexico University

New York

Statewide COVID-19 Vaccine Mandate for Public and Private Colleges

North Carolina

  • Gardner Webb University
  • North Carolina State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • North Carolina A&T State University
  • Appalachian State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Barton College
  • Belmont Abbey College
  • Chowan University
  • East Carolina University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine for residential students
  • Elizabeth City State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Greensboro College
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • High Point University
  • Mars Hill University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Mid-Atlantic Christian University
  • North Carolina Central University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • William Peace University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Carolina University
  • University of North Carolina System - Requires testing in place of vaccine
    • Asheville
    • Chapel Hill
    • Charlotte
    • Greensboro
    • Pembroke
    • Wilmington
    • University of North Carolina School of the Arts
  • Western Carolina University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Wingate University
  • Winston-Salem State University
  • Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Fayetteville State University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Montreat College
  • University of Mount Olive
  • North Carolina Wesleyan College
  • Pfeiffer University

North Dakota

  • University of North Dakota
  • University of Mary
  • Dickinson State University
  • University of Jamestown
  • Mayville State University
  • Minot State University
  • Trinity Bible College
  • Valley City State University
  • North Dakota State University

Ohio

Statewide Ban on Mandates for Vaccines Without Full FDA Approval

  • Union Institute & University
  • Tiffin University
  • Ohio Christian University
  • Ohio Dominican University
  • Ashland University
  • Bluffton University
  • Cedarville University
  • Central State University
  • Cleveland Institute of Music
  • Defiance College
  • Franciscan University of Steubenville
  • Franklin University
  • Lake Erie College
  • Lourdes University
  • Malone University
  • Mount Vernon Nazarene University
  • Muskingum University
  • Pontifical College Josephinum
  • Shawnee State University
  • The Christ College of Nursing and Health Sciences
  • The University of Findlay
  • University of Dayton
  • University of Mount Union
  • Ursuline College
  • The North Coast College
  • Walsh University
  • Wilberforce University
  • Wittenberg University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Baldwin Wallace University
  • Notre Dame College
  • Youngstown State University

Oklahoma

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccines Mandates

Oregon

  • Warner Pacific College
  • Corban University
  • George Fox University
  • Multnomah University
  • National College of Natural Medicine
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Northwest Christian University

Pennsylvania

  • Central Penn College
  • Saint Francis University
  • Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Clarion University
  • Albright College
  • Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania
  • Cedar Crest College
  • Cheyney University of Pennsylvania
  • East Stroudsburg University of Pennsylvania
  • Eastern University
  • Elizabethtown College
  • Gannon University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Geneva College
  • Harrisburg University of Science and Technology
  • Hussian School of Art
  • Indiana University of Pennsylvania
  • Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
  • Lebanon Valley College
  • Lincoln University of Pennsylvania
  • Lock Haven University
  • Lycoming College
  • Mansfield University of Pennsylvania
  • Marywood University
  • Messiah University
  • Millersville University of Pennsylvania
  • Misericordia University
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Moravian College and Moravian Theological Seminary
  • Mount Aloysius College
  • Peirce College
  • Cairn University
  • Saint Vincent College
  • Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania
    • May require testing in place of vaccine
  • Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania
  • Thiel College
  • University of Valley Forge
  • Waynesburg University
  • West Chester University of Pennsylvania
  • Westminster College (PA)
    • Requires testing in place of vaccine
  • Wilson College
  • York College of Pennsylvania
  • DeSales University
  • Clarks Summit University
  • Lancaster Bible College
  • California University of Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

All Colleges Require the COVID-19 Vaccine

South Carolina

Statewide Ban on COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates for Public Universities

South Dakota

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Tennessee

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Texas

Statewide Ban on Student COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates

Utah

Statewide Ban on Mandates for Vaccines with Emergency Use Authorization

  • Provo College
  • Eagle Gate College
  • Brigham Young University
  • Careers Unlimited Utah College of Dental Hygiene
  • Southern Utah University
  • Westminster College (UT)
  • Neumont College of Computer Science

Virginia

  • Liberty University
  • Bluefield College
  • Ferrum College
  • Hampden-Sydney College
  • Sentara College of Health Sciences
  • Shenandoah University
  • Southern Virginia University
  • The University of Virginia's College at Wise
  • University of Management and Technology
  • Stratford University

Vermonnt

All Colleges Require the COVID-19 Vaccine

Washington

All Colleges Require the COVID-19 Vaccine

Wisconsin

  • Cardinal Stritch University
  • Carroll University
  • Lakeland University
  • Maranatha Baptist University
  • Milwaukee Institute of Art & Design
  • Mount Mary University
  • Northland College
  • Ripon College
  • Saint Norbert College
  • University of Wisconsin System
    • Eau Claire
    • La Crosse
    • Madison
    • Milwaukee
    • Oshkosh
    • Parkside
    • Platteville
    • River Falls
    • Stevens Point
    • Stout
    • Superior
    • Whitewater
    • Green Bay
  • Viterbo University
  • Concordia University - Wisconsin
  • Edgewood College
  • Milwaukee School of Engineering
  • Wisconsin Lutheran College
  • Marian University (WI)

Wyoming

  • University of Wyoming

Methodology

This list includes four-year colleges that primarily graduate students at the bachelor's level or above. Vaccine policies at schools on this list were independently verified by our data collection team.

Schools that "strongly recommended" getting vaccinated but did not mention requiring the vaccine on their website were considered to not require the vaccine. Schools that do not have information about the vaccine or vaccine requirements on their website, but have guidance for both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals, were also assumed to not require the vaccine.

ADVERTISEMENT

Start Your Online College Search:

Review schools that align with your career aspirations.

ADVERTISEMENT

Start Your Online College Search:

Review schools that align with your career aspirations.