Teaching Career Overview
When contemplating a career in teaching, it may help to think about what drew you to this path in the first place. Understanding your motivation may help you determine how to shape your career. Like any job, teaching has its pros and cons, and you'll also want to ask yourself if it's a good fit. Something that may seem appealing on the surface might not suit your personality. You'll also have to consider what kind of teacher you want to be and where you would like to teach. Some choose to return to the schools they attended as children to teach new generations of students, while others may choose to teach in areas of high poverty and high demand where the need is greatest. Regardless of what drives you to teach, it's essential to enter this phase of life after graduation with enough direction to make informed decisions about the road ahead — as well as the twists and turns along the way.
Why Become a Teacher?
You can make a positive impact in the lives of others through teaching. By becoming a teacher in the subject matter you love, you'll be able to share your enthusiasm, knowledge, and skill with students who'll rely on your instruction, guidance, and passion throughout their education journey.
Being a teacher comes with its perks:
You may be able to support your own community and even work in the same schools you went to.
You can choose to live and teach in a different part of the U.S. or even internationally.
You'll likely have summers off unless you decide to teach summer school, and enjoy spring and winter breaks in addition to many holidays.
If you work in a year-round school, you'll have two- to four-week vacations every six to nine weeks.
Every school year may bring the opportunity to meet new people as students progress from one class to the next.
Public school systems may offer robust retirement plans to their instructors who have dedicated years to teaching others.
It's important to note that while teaching can be rewarding, it can also come with its challenges. K-12 teachers often experience low job satisfaction, especially elementary teachers, due to dissatisfaction with salary. However, if you live where the cost of living is low, this may be manageable. Others report job burnout as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In a 2022 National Education Association (NEA) survey, approximately 55% of teachers surveyed said they are considering leaving the profession.
There is also an overwhelming lack of diversity in higher education faculty and leadership. The significant disparity between the number of white teachers and teachers from underrepresented groups concerns educators. For example, a 2022 American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education survey found that 71% of students who complete teaching programs identify as white. However, several organizations, including the NEA, are actively developing proposals and initiatives to address this concern and increase recruitment efforts.
Which Degrees Prepare You for a Teaching Career?
Numerous education programs can help you prepare for a teaching career based on your interests and career goals. In addition, there may be several specializations and concentrations available within each degree that can help you focus on a particular topic of interest and expertise to help you differentiate your skills. We've identified several popular degree paths by the level of education that prospective teachers often take:
Beginning a Teaching Career
In general, most teaching careers require a bachelor's degree at a minimum. The degree should come from an accredited school to be eligible for licensing after graduation. However, some districts may require a master's, and you may even need a doctorate or PhD to teach in a postsecondary institution. You'll also need a student teaching experience with hours spent in a classroom setting to practice applying your new skills. Once you graduate, complete your student teaching hours, and earn your license, you can gain additional hands-on experience through volunteer work, serving as a teacher's aid, or substitute teaching. For example, a K-12 teacher may start out subbing before working as a full-time teacher. Similarly, postsecondary instructors may work as adjunct professors to gain classroom experience. These experiences can also help you network with other teachers and faculty for that potential first full-time permanent job.
Teaching Career Path
As you journey along your career path, you'll need to renew your license per your state's requirements regularly. At that time, you may also want to evaluate your current situation and career goals. If you are entering your mid-career, you may be ready for advancement. You can gain additional training through continuing education coursework, or it may be worth it to consider earning a master's in education for professional development and career advancement. After retiring from teaching full-time, teachers may want to stay in the workforce and choose to go back to part-time substitute and adjunct teaching or seek roles outside of education where they can apply their skills and experience.
Is a Teaching Career a Good Fit For You?
Teaching others takes patience, kindness, as well as the skills a teacher learns while completing an education degree. Several traits, abilities, and skills common to many teachers may make this career a good fit. Most teachers establish and ensure adherence to guidelines, set expectations, apply multiple teaching methods that accommodate individual student needs, and monitor and communicate students' progress. Students look up to teachers to provide support and guidance while imparting knowledge.
O*NET, a product of the Department of Labor (DOL), identifies the following attributes as contributing to the success of teachers and their ability to carry out a day's work:
High stress tolerance
Monitoring and assessing
Oral and written communication
Career Outlook for Teachers
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), careers in education, training, and libraries are expected to grow by 10%, with individual specialties experiencing different growth rates through 2030. A 2020 American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) report identifies increased demand in teaching specialties, including special education, ESL, foreign language, math, and science. There is almost always a need for skilled teachers, creating steady job growth.
There are teaching jobs associated with each degree path and speciality. These jobs are expected to see varying salaries and steady growth as calculated by O*NET which receives its information from the DOL. While we've provided national averages for salary and job growth, O*NET provides an option to dig deeper and search for this information by location on each career page.
|Self-Enrichment Teacher ||Self-enrichment teachers instruct individuals and groups for the purpose of personal growth and recreation as opposed to academia or career advancement. ||Associate ||$43,580 |
15% or higher
|Special Education Teaching Assistant ||Special ed assistants work with teachers who instruct students with diverse learning needs and abilities. ||Associate ||$29,360 |
|Career/Technical Education Teachers ||At the secondary level, career and technical teachers instruct vocational, technical, and occupational courses. ||Bachelor's ||$61,820 |
|Special Education Teacher ||Special ed teachers instruct students with various learning needs and abilities in order for students to build academic, social, and life skills. ||Bachelor's ||$61,640 |
|Substitute Teacher ||Most substitute teachers work on a short-term basis filling in for absent teachers and following their lesson plans until their return. ||Bachelor's ||$30,100 |
|Adapted Physical Education Teacher ||These specialized PE teachers individually instruct children and adults with exceptional physical needs. ||Graduate ||$61,720 |
|Business Teacher ||Those well-versed in business may become business teachers to teach business management skills at the postsecondary level, such as an MBA program. ||Graduate ||$94,360 |
|Engineering Teacher ||Engineering teachers may conduct a combination of research and instruction while teaching engineering principles. ||Graduate ||$104,940 |
|English Language and Literature Teacher ||Postsecondary English instructors teach linguistics and comparative literature to students at the college level. ||Graduate ||$69,000 |
|Foreign Language and Literature Teacher ||These teachers instruct college-level students in foreign languages and American Sign Language. ||Graduate ||$77,030 |
|Law Teacher ||Law teachers instruct students in the legal system. They usually teach and conduct research. ||Graduate ||$123,470 |
|Mathematical Science Teacher ||Mathematical science teachers instruct students at the college level in math concepts, statistics, and actuarial science. ||Graduate ||$77,580 |
Best States for Teachers
Most states face shortages in K-12 teachers, and the need may be compounded based on specialty and discipline. The U.S. Department of Education pinpoints teacher shortage areas where demand is greatest based on age group, grade level, and subject. Finding the best states for teaching includes more than just looking at the average salary, though we've identified the top paying states based on teaching level below. You'll also want to consider other variables, such as cost of living and school district pay scales, when deciding on the best place for you to live and work.
To get you started, we've identified the five top paying states for each teaching level as determined by the BLS.
|Preschool Teacher ||District of Columbia, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, California |
|Kindergarten Teacher ||California, Massachusetts, New York, Connecticut, Oregon |
|Elementary Teacher ||New York, California, Massachusetts, Washington, Connecticut |
|Middle School Teacher ||New York, California, Massachusetts, Washington, Connecticut |
|High School and Secondary Teacher ||New York, California, Massachusetts, Washington, Connecticut |
|Postsecondary Teacher ||Alaska, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, Alabama |
|Special Education Teacher ||New York, Massachusetts, Delaware, Oregon, Wisconsin |
|Career and Technical Teacher ||Oregon, California, Wisconsin, New York, Minnesota |
|Adult Basic and Secondary Education and ESL Teacher ||Oregon, California, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut |
|Teacher Assistant ||Washington, California, Massachusetts, District of Columbia, Connecticut |
Advanced Teaching Careers
Teachers sometimes pursue graduate degrees for career advancement within the educational system later in their career. Career changes for teachers may include:
Alternative Teaching Careers
Others may leave the education sector altogether to work as training and development manager within large organizations. They might use their instruction skills to train staff in new technologies, processes, procedures, and best practices.
Former and retired teachers who want to remain in the workforce can seek several mid- or late-career opportunities. While some choose to stay in the industry as adjunct faculty, substitute teachers, or tutors, others may apply their language skills as writers and editors. Those with an entrepreneurial spirit may rely on their years of experience to provide educational consulting services to school districts and higher education institutions.