Levels of Online Mechanical Engineering Degrees
Online mechanical engineering degrees are available at the bachelor's, master's, doctorate, and certificate levels. Each level prepares future engineers for increasingly advanced roles.
An undergraduate curriculum includes foundational chemistry, mathematics, and physics coursework. Students may pursue a concentration in areas such as aerospace, manufacturing, or mechanical design.
In an online master’s program, students must complete advanced coursework in mechanical engineering and mathematics. Students may pursue senior engineering roles by choosing a concentration, such as fluids engineering, mechanics and materials, or design and manufacturing.
At this advanced level, students carry out original research in various areas of study, such as nanotechnology, alternative energy technology, and lean manufacturing. These mechanical engineering programs may take several years to complete and involve writing and defending a dissertation. A Ph.D. opens the door to teaching at universities or working in research and development.
Students and professionals looking for additional education in a specific concentration may consider procuring a certificate. Mechanical engineering certificate programs cover a range of topics, such as matrix theory, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and electromechanical systems.
Overview of an Online Bachelor's in Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is the oldest and broadest engineering field, and it includes several disciplines, such as aerospace engineering, automotive engineering, computer-aided design, product manufacturing, and energy. You may even take some of these courses as electives to fulfill your graduation requirements and explore potential career paths.
Nearly all mechanical engineers possess at least a bachelor’s degree in either mechanical engineering or a similar engineering field. You can complete these programs online although some require on-site lab participation for specific courses. Schools design these programs to take full-time students four years to complete while earning the required 120-130 credit hours. These mechanical engineering bachelor's degree programs may take longer for part-time students to finish.
While a mechanical engineering program may not require a student internship, some see this opportunity as a way to gain practical work experience. School advisors can help you find these kinds of hands-on opportunities, which employers consider valuable. Completing a student internship along with your degree may help you network with these future employers to start your career upon graduation.
Admission requirements are similar across all online mechanical engineering bachelor's programs. While prerequisite classes are usually not required, it helps to have completed advanced math, science, and physics classes during high school. This achievement — along with above-average grades — may increase your chances of acceptance into the mechanical engineering program of your choice.
In general, requirements for first-year students include the following:
- High school diploma (alternatively, HSE or GED test scores)
- High school’s four core units in English, three units in Algebra I or higher, three lab science units, and three social studies units
- SAT/ACT scores
- 2.0 minimum GPA
- An application fee that typically ranges between $30-$50
Students may transfer into degree programs with approximately 24-30 credit hours from an accredited institution. Transfer students are not often required to submit standardized test scores for enrollment, but they still need to submit high school transcripts, college transcripts with a minimum 2.5 GPA, and an application fee.
The Importance of Accreditation
Accreditation ensures that schools provide quality education, allowing them to receive federal funding and count the credits of transfer students. Regional accreditation is more highly-regarded than national accreditation because it's a well-established process. Programs, such as mechanical engineering, may also be programmatically accredited. Industry-specific boards certify that a program offers curricula that meet the current needs of employers.
The Accreditation Board for Engineering Technology (ABET) is one of the industry-specific boards that accredit engineering, computing, science, and technology degree programs. ABET examines curricula to verify that it prepares students for future careers in science and technology. Completing an ABET-accredited program will help prepare students for the Professional Engineering exam, which is necessary for licensure.
Completing an ABET-accredited program will help prepare students for the Professional Engineering exam, which is necessary for licensure.
Curriculum and Common Courses in an Online Mechanical Engineering Program
In a mechanical engineering program curriculum, students must complete general education courses, core requirements for the major, and electives. The first two years consist of introductory lower-division courses in writing, computer, math, physics, and science to provide fundamental knowledge for the final two years of upper-division study. Upper-division courses include more advanced topics that will help you visualize, conceptualize, and design term projects. Also, taking electives in your areas of interest may help you consider various specializations you could pursue in mechanical engineering.
Below are some classes that remain similar across all mechanical engineering programs:
- Introduction to Robotics and Automation content includes system design and the study and simulation of industrial robots in manufacturing automation.
- Strength of Materials examines materials used in science and the effects of stress and pressure on engineering materials, such as pressure vessels, beams, shafts, and columns. Coursework explores how weaknesses, deformation, and design flaws can deteriorate a material’s strength.
- Fundamentals of Manufacturing arms students with knowledge about theory and provides them with laboratory experience in cutting, inspection, numerical control, chip forming, and newly developed processes.
- Electronic Fundamentals explores the electronic components, laws, and theories of electronics and how they apply to force, current, power, and resistance. Content also includes an introduction to power supplies and amplifiers.
- Applied Statistics introduces students how to use statistical data as well as graphic and analytical methods to determine equilibrium, force, and friction on couples, frames, sheaves, trusses, and pulleys.
Unsure about pursuing a degree in mechanical engineering? Explore additional online programs.
Funding an Online Mechanical Engineering Degree
It’s possible to fund an online mechanical engineering degree program through various public and private sources. The best place to start this process is by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). By submitting this application, you may qualify for federal grants or scholarships, work-study programs, or low-interest rate federal student loans that offer flexible repayment options. In addition, if you are a military member or veteran, you may use your GI Bill education benefits to help pay for school.
Once you discover your eligibility, you can speak with a financial aid officer at your school to see what other options are available. For example, they may offer student employment opportunities or private scholarships. A scholarship is the best way to pay for tuition because it's free money that you don't have to repay, and you don't have to worry about interest rates. Scholarships are also available from national engineering organizations. Membership to an organization may be required, but it’s usually affordable — or even free — for students.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Scholarships
ASME awards high school and undergraduate scholarships — ranging from $1,500 to $13,000 — to student members enrolled in ABET-accredited mechanical engineering programs through corporate and private partnerships. ASME encourages student members to apply if they have outstanding leadership skills within and outside of ASME, participate in extracurricular activities, and demonstrate a high level of financial need.
The American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers Scholarship Program
ASHRAE awards several undergraduate scholarships worth $3,000 to $10,000 to aspiring engineering students interested in careers in HVAC. Applicants are eligible if they have a 3.0 GPA; three letters of recommendation; proven excellence in academics, character, and leadership; and financial need. Students may reapply each year but can only receive one ASHRAE scholarship at a time.
The National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering
NACME awards $2,500 to $5,000 scholarships through private endowments to minority students interested in engineering careers. Recipients may be eligible to continue receiving these scholarships for up to five years. Applicants must have a minimum 2.8 GPA to qualify.
For college affordability tips, students can check out our Guide to Financial Aid for Online Students.
Licensing Requirements for Mechanical Engineering Professionals
Engineers who offer their services directly to the public must be licensed, while those working for engineering firms or companies are not legally required to have licensure. However, since potential employers may still prefer to hire licensed candidates, you may decide to earn a license in order to highlight your skills and experience.
Engineers who offer their services directly to the public must be licensed, while those working for engineering firms or companies are not legally required to have licensure.
In most states, obtaining a Professional Engineer license requires the completion of an ABET-accredited bachelor's degree program, four years of relevant work experience, and passing the Principles and Practice of Engineering and Fundamentals of Engineering exams. States may have different exam requirements, so check with your state to find the most relevant information.
Careers with a Mechanical Engineering Degree
Employers need skilled mechanical engineers who are creative and analytical but also have effective communication and listening skills in a team setting. Furthermore, competitive job candidates must also have skills in project management, strategic planning, and problem-solving, which can be acquired through a blend of work experience and degree coursework. A mechanical engineering degree can prepare you for several gratifying, well-paying career opportunities.
- Mechanical engineers work in diverse industries, with the highest concentration working in wind energy, metalworking, transportation, and power. Mechanical engineers design, install, test, and maintain equipment.
- Median annual salary: $90,160
- Job outlook: 7%
- Aerospace engineers design, develop, and test aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. They confirm that safety and quality standards are met and troubleshoot problems when they arise.
- Median annual salary: $118,610
- Job outlook: 8%
- Biomedical engineers work with scientists to design, install, and maintain medical equipment and devices. They also provide technical support for biomedical equipment and write technical documents.
- Median annual salary: $92,620
- Job outlook: 6%
- Health and safety engineers develop processes and procedures that protect people from illness and injury and safeguard properties from damage. They ensure compliance with health and safety regulations by identifying potential hazards.
- Median annual salary: $94,240
- Job outlook: 6%
- Industrial engineers work to eliminate waste. They devise management control mechanical systems to minimize costs and improve efficiency. Overall, industrial engineers design systems that integrate people, machines, and energy to make products or provide services. Many in this role are mechanical engineer graduates, but online degrees are also offered in industrial engineering, specifically.
- Median annual salary: $88,950
- Job outlook: 14%
- Petroleum engineers design and develop petroleum extraction processes. They also ensure proper installation and operation of equipment while performing regular maintenance. Although petroleum engineers often have mechanical engineering degrees, a chemical engineering degree can also land you a job in this role.
- Median annual salary: $137,330
- Job outlook: 8%
Is an Online Degree in Mechanical Engineering Worth It?
An online mechanical engineering degree may be worth it if you are interested in integrating math, science, and mechanics. In this degree, you'll learn to use analytical and critical thinking skills to implement ideas and create solutions. An ABET-accredited mechanical engineering program illustrates a program’s academic rigor to employers, who rely on ABET’s stamp of approval when hiring skilled engineers.
An online degree's worth not only depends on your interests but also your learning style, financial situation, and professional goals. Understanding the pros and cons of an online mechanical engineering degree can help you make an informed decision.
- The take-home pay is high for most mechanical engineers. Mechanical engineers earn over twice the annual median salary of all other occupations.
- Several national engineering organizations provide a sense of community and support. Students often join organizations in the industry, such as ASME and ASHRAE, while in school and continue these memberships throughout their careers because they offer continued education, career opportunities, and networking events.
- You can save money by attending school online. Many schools charge flat or in-state tuition rates for online programs, which is often cheaper than getting a degree in person. Institutions may also waive various student fees, and you won't have to worry about the expense of commuting to and from campus.
- An online ME degree may require some on-campus coursework. Completing the required lab work can be challenging if you don't live close to your school. It could also be difficult to schedule the time to complete this work while juggling other responsibilities.
- Math, physics, and statistics can be demanding to learn, and these subjects largely make up this discipline. If you find math and science courses especially challenging, you may not enjoy taking mechanical engineering courses.
- There's a significant gender pay gap for female mechanical engineers. A 2020 Stanford study finds that female mechanical engineers with the same educational background as their male counterparts earn 15% less, which some may find discouraging.