Overview of Online Christian Counseling Degrees
Undergraduates in Christian counseling generally learn psychology, ethics, theology, and social sciences from the perspective of a particular faith tradition. Faculty typically design bachelor's curricula to teach counseling practices that are informed by Christian values so graduates can help treat clients with behavioral, relationship, and substance-use challenges.
As a faith-based discipline, students can only find Christian counseling programs at private religious schools, which limits the number of available online degrees. Most of these online programs feature asynchronous courses, meaning that students log in at convenient times to complete coursework, watch recorded lectures, interact with classmates, and submit assignments.
Bachelor's degree applicants must submit official high school or GED transcripts, along with official transcripts from any colleges they've attended. Some schools are more selective than others, but most require that candidates demonstrate a minimum 2.5 GPA in high school. Admission requirements also typically include one or two letters of recommendation and a personal essay.
To graduate, most Christian counseling students must complete 120-130 credit hours, which usually takes at least four years of full-time study. Most programs culminate in a capstone course requiring students to tie together what they've learned throughout their classes. In addition, some degrees feature an internship, allowing students to put their counseling skills to practical use.
Common Courses in a Christian Counseling Program
A Christian counseling degree fuses theology with psychology, so professors seek to increase students' proficiency with biblical principles, mental health diagnosis, empathy, and communication. Some Christian counseling programs offer concentrations, such as marriage and family counseling or substance use counseling, which can also be pursued as bachelor programs at some schools. Similar programs are also available in psychology, philosophy, theology, or religious studies; alternatively, students could pair their Christian counseling degree with one of these specializations as minors.
Christian counseling professors seek to increase students' proficiency with biblical principles, mental health diagnosis, empathy, and communication.
Below, we've listed several common courses to give prospective students a flavor for what they might encounter during their Christian counseling studies:
Counseling with Christianity
This course often comes early in a degree sequence because it's intended to provide the rationale for Christian counseling. Students may learn how to interpret Scripture for practical lessons, actively listen, and advise clients by exercising a Christian worldview.
Students seek to understand the spectrum of human psychology in this course so they can recognize and treat a range of mental illnesses. Lessons generally cover common mental illnesses and associated behavior, crisis intervention, treatment options, and the Bible's perspective on abnormal psychology.
This course generally covers the biochemical underpinnings of substance abuse and addiction. Professors may lecture on the neurophysiological effects of various substances, etiology of addiction, and function of compassion in treatment.
Professors typically examine sexuality from biological, psychological, and biblical perspectives. Topics might include cultural and social norms, gender, sexual identity, and morality, all filtered through a religious lens.
Marriage and Family Counseling
Faculty design this course to cover biblical perspectives on spiritual formation and relationship dynamics within families. Lessons often emphasize counseling techniques for conflict identification and resolution between spouses, parents and children, and siblings.
Higher education institutions can earn national or regional accreditation, which means that an independent agency attests to the quality of the school's instruction, faculty, and services. Regional accreditors tend to hold schools to higher academic standards, but many Christian colleges opt for national accreditation through the Association for Biblical Higher Education Commission on Accreditation. Earning either form of accreditation qualifies a college to accept federal financial aid. However, regionally accredited schools usually only accept transfer credits from colleges with the same type of accreditation. Students who plan to enroll in graduate studies should keep this in mind.
Individual degree programs in some disciplines can also earn accreditation. However, no agencies accredit bachelor's degrees in Christian counseling. The Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Education Programs (CACREP) accredits graduate-level degrees in several types of counseling but not Christian counseling programs or bachelor's programs of any kind. Students who want to be licensed professional counselors must attend a CACREP-accredited graduate program. However, they should be aware that admissions officers at these schools may not recognize academic credits earned during an undergraduate degree in Christian counseling, even if they come from an accredited school. This is because professional counseling is an overwhelmingly secular field, which is reflected in CACREP standards.
Funding an Online Christian Counseling Degree
Bachelor's degree students can pursue many forms of financial aid to help ease the burden of paying for college. The most important types are called gift aid because students don't need to repay them: scholarships, grants, and work-study programs. These can come from the federal government, state governments, or private sources, most of which don't distinguish between online and on-campus learners. Most students take out loans to fund at least part of their degree, giving preference to lower interest federal and state loans.
Students who plan to enroll at an accredited school can begin their financial aid search by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The federal government as well as most states and colleges use a completed FAFSA form to determine a student’s eligibility for financial aid. While some states have alternate financial aid forms for students with undocumented immigration status, these applicants won't qualify for federal funding.
In addition to government aid, Christian counseling students can apply for funding from private donors. Most of these scholarships target students in specific denominations or regions of the country.
For example, the Episcopal Church
and United Methodist Church
provide educational assistance for some church members. Colleges may also offer institutional grants or scholarships to enrolled students, while generous alumni sometimes endow scholarships for those attending their alma mater.
Careers With a Christian Counseling Bachelor's Degree
Graduates with a bachelor's degree in Christian counseling often seek roles at faith-based organizations, including churches, non-profits, and private firms. But some employers might prefer to hire counseling applicants who are licensed by the National Association of Christian Counselors (NACC), which requires a graduate degree in the subject. Bachelor's graduates may still be able to secure non-counseling roles for these same faith-based employers.
Below, we examine some of the career paths that alumni might take.
Church counselors meet with individual parishioners or groups to hear their concerns about mental health, behavior, relationships, or substance use and help them make positive life changes. Employers expect counselors to offer solutions within the church's Christian moral framework.
Life coaches develop behavior-modification plans for clients who want to change their habits. Most life coaches are self-employed and either develop a roster of clients or consult with one or more parochial rehabilitation or residential care organizations. The International Coaching Federation offers life coach certifications for professionals in this field.
Non-profit organization counselors provide services for domestic or international charities with a Christian mission. They may specialize in treating different populations — for example, trauma counseling after disasters or addiction counseling for clients who can't afford for-profit services.
Reliable salary and job outlook information is scarce for these jobs because the Bureau of Labor Statistics only collects information on licensed professional counselors.
Becoming a Christian Counselor
There are no set requirements to become a Christian counselor. As a religious discipline, the field isn't regulated by any government bodies, so individual employers can decide which qualifications they prefer.
The NACC offers licenses for Christian counselors who hold at least a master's degree, and this credential may improve a professional's employment prospects. Other organizations that offer Christian counseling certifications don't require candidates to hold a college degree, so their quality control may be less stringent.