Broadly speaking, instructional designers use technology to help learners absorb information. They combine practices from teaching, graphic design, and educational psychology to present instructional materials in appealing ways. The growing popularity of online learning has led to a steady increase in demand for instructional designers.
The BLS ascribes the duties of instructional designers to instructional coordinators, but these are actually two distinct professions — coordinators shape a school's curriculum and designers create the materials that make the curriculum come alive. Because the BLS doesn't have a separate category for instructional designers, it's hard to find reliable government data about their salaries and job outlook.
About 81% of instructional designer jobs require a bachelor's degree, according to Emsi Burning Glass. These jobs require familiarity with pedagogical technology that some teachers might not have, including Adobe Captivate and particular learning management systems. However, a number of community colleges and private companies offer certificate and online training programs for teachers who want to switch to this discipline.